Ciro Santilli  Sponsor 中国独裁统治 China Dictatorship 新疆改造中心、六四事件、法轮功、郝海东、709大抓捕、2015巴拿马文件 邓家贵、低端人口、西藏骚乱
Remember: having more than one natural language is bad for the world.


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Online dictionary

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What you Google-into when trying to understand English slangs as of 2020.

Part of speech

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Personal name
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Figure of speech

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words: 31
Euphemisms are evil bullshit.
Just say what you mean to say,
Don't be a pussy.
If you've been fired, say you been fired, not "let go".
If someone died, say they died, not "passed away".


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Creator of Basic English.

Lingua franca

words: 3
See also: having more than one natural language is bad for the world.

Natural language

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When talking in the context of programming languages, natural language is the non-computer one.
Remember: having more than one natural language is bad for the world.

Constructed language

words: 8 articles: 4

Controlled language

words: 8 articles: 3
Controlled English
words: 8 articles: 2
Basic English
words: 3
1925 by Charles Kay Ogden.
1959 by Voice of America.

Writing system

words: 396 articles: 62


words: 53 articles: 6
Good luck.

Chinese character

words: 51 articles: 5
Chinese punctuation
words: 24 articles: 1
Ciro Santilli had to see this in a few separate places, until he underestood: that little pictur emust be a thing! Examples:
As if Chinese character weren't evil enough, their fast hand written form is even more unintelligible. It is like Hell within Hell.
It is also very beautiful it must be said.

Phonemic orthography

words: 343 articles: 52


words: 49 articles: 3
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Somewhat midway between a syllabary and an alphabet: you write out consonants, and vowels are "punctuation-like-modifiers".
E.g.: the main Hindi script (devanagari) and most other Indian languages.
words: 24
Unlike abugida, these actually make you guess vowels, which are mostly or all not written down in any way. Terrible.
E.g.: the main Arabic script.


words: 294 articles: 44
Greek alphabet
words: 290 articles: 12
Unfortunately, physicists and mathematicians keep using Greek letters in their formulas, so we just have to learn them.
A helpful way to remember is to learn a bit of their history/pronunciation: Section "Historical correspondence between Latin and Greek".
To learn the greek letters if you have a base latin alphabet, you must learn the sound of each letter, and which Latin letters they correspond to.
Symbols that look like Greek letters but are not Greek letters:
Is Ciro Santilli crazy (he is, but for this point specifically), or do many/most Greek letters represent the mouth position used in the pronunciation of the letter?
It is fun to see that C and G have been confused since antiquity:
  • the modern sound is G
  • in terms of modern letters, both C and G split from gamma
Confusingly, in LaTeX:
  • \varepsilon rendered , is the default modern Greek glyph
  • \epsilon rendered is the lunate variant
Lower case looks like the mouth shape when you say Z, with mouth open, and you can even see the little tongue going down. Beauty.
Lowercase looks like a lowercase letter N for some reason.
Why would physicists use a letter such that:
  • the upper case version looks exactly like an upper case N. At least that is the correct pronunciation/name/historical successor of .
  • the lower case version looks exactly like a lower case V
Why? Why?????????
Rho (, , R)
words: 29
This one is a little confusing: the upper case looks exactly like a letter P, but as the name suggests, it actually corresponds to the letter R. The letter P corresponds to pi instead.
Two lower case variants... both used in mathematical notation, and for some reason, in LaTeX \varphi is the one that actually looks like the default standard modern lowercase phi, while \phi is the weird one. I love life.
As if it weren't enough, there's also a Cyrillic script psi that is slightly different. Life's great.
Latin alphabet
words: 4 articles: 28
History of the Latin alphabet
words: 4 articles: 1
Derivation from older alphabets:
Latin letter
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List of languages

words: 80 articles: 45
Remember: having more than one natural language is bad for the world.

Indo-European language

words: 72 articles: 38

English (language)

words: 30 articles: 10
English idiom
words: 7 articles: 3
Polish a turd
words: 7 on Urban Dictionary.
Ciro Santilli learned this expression from Angry Video Game Nerd.
English slang
words: 2 articles: 3
On Urban Dictionary:
Regional accents of English
words: 21 articles: 1
Video 1.
Hard Attack: How English is getting more "choppy" by Dr Geoff Lindsey (2023)
. Source. Goodness this dude is a master of it.

Greek (language)

words: 28 articles: 4
Greek root (μόνος)
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One, single. Actual word: μόνος.
Greek word
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Ahh, Ciro Santilli was certain this was some slang neologism, but it is actually Greek! So funny. Introduced into English in the 19th century according to:

Polish (language)

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Polish letter
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Video 2.
Exploring! the Special Letters of the Polish Alphabet: L by Polish Girl Next Door (2021)
. Source.

Romance language

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Latin phrase
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Sino-Tibetan language

words: 6 articles: 4

Chinese (language)

words: 6 articles: 3
Some remarks on the language at:
Chinese slang
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