# Quantum electrodynamics (QED) | ðŸ—– nosplit | â†‘ parent "Quantum field theory" | 653, 18, 2k

Theory that describes electrons and photons really well, and as Feynman puts it "accounts very precisely for all physical phenomena we have ever observed, except for gravity and nuclear physics" ("including the laughter of the crowd" ;-)).

Learning it is one of Ciro Santilli's main intellectual fetishes.

While Ciro acknowledges that QED is intrinsically challenging due to the wide range or requirements (quantum mechanics, special relativity and electromagnetism), Ciro feels that there is a glaring gap in this moneyless market for a learning material that follows the Middle Way between:Richard Feynman Quantum Electrodynamics Lecture at University of Auckland (1979) is one of the best attempts so far, but it falls a bit too close to the superficial side of things, if only Feynman hadn't assumed that the audience doesn't know any mathematics...

- a 5 minute popular science video for someone who doesn't know what a Riemann integral is
- but also not a 20 hour video lecture what requires you to know what a manifold is, and delivers the first punchline (aka, prediction) at around hour 14

The funny thing is that when Ciro's mother retired, learning it (or as she put it: "how photons and electrons interact") was also one of her retirement plans. She is a pharmacist by training, and doesn't know much mathematics, and her English was somewhat limited. Oh, she also wanted to learn how photosynthesis works (possibly not fully understood by science as that time, 2020). Ambitious old lady!!!

Experiments: quantum electrodynamics experiments.

Combines special relativity with more classical quantum mechanics, but further generalizing the Dirac equation, which also does that: Dirac equation vs quantum electrodynamics.

Before QED, the most advanced theory was that of the Dirac equation, which was already relativistic but TODO what was missing there exactly?

As summarized at: https://youtube.com/watch?v=_AZdvtf6hPU?t=305:

- classical mechanics describes large and slow objects
- special relativity describes large and fast objects
- classical quantum mechanics describes small and slow objects
- QED describes objects that are both small and fast

That video also mentions the interesting idea that:Therefore, for small timescales, energy can vary a lot. But mass is equivalent to energy. Therefore, for small time scale, particles can appear and disappear wildly.

- in special relativity, we have the mass-energy equivalence
- in quantum mechanics, thinking along the time-energy uncertainty principle, $Î”Eâˆ¼Î”t1â€‹$

QED is the first quantum field theory fully developed. That framework was later extended to also include the weak interaction and strong interaction. As a result, it is perhaps easier to just Google for "Quantum Field Theory" if you want to learn QED, since QFT is more general and has more resources available generally.

Like in more general quantum field theory, there is on field for each particle type. In quantum field theory, there are only two fields to worry about:

- photon field
- electromagnetism field

- Andrew Dotson YouTube channel
- Color confinement
- Dietterich Labs
- Dirac equation
- Don't be a pussy
- Electron
- Feynman diagram
- Gluon
- Hyperfine structure
- Lamb shift
- Maxwell's equations
- Millennium Prize Problems
- Particle physics
- Photon
- Physics
- Quantum chemistry
- Quantum field theory
- Quantum mechanics
- Relativistic quantum mechanics
- Richard Feynman
- Richard Feynman Quantum Electrodynamics Lecture at University of Auckland (1979)
- Spectral lines of atoms and molecules
- ViaScience