Ciro Santilli $£ Sponsor €¥ 中国独裁统治 China Dictatorship 新疆改造中心、六四事件、法轮功、郝海东、709大抓捕、2015巴拿马文件 邓家贵、低端人口、西藏骚乱
Initially light was though of as a wave because it experienced interference as shown by experiments such as:
But then, some key experiments also start suggesting that light is made up of discrete packets:
and in the understanding of the 2020 Standard Model the photon is one of the elementary particles.
This duality is fully described mathematically by quantum electrodynamics, where the photon is modelled as a quantized excitation of the photon field.


  1. Elementary particle
  2. Subatomic particle
  3. Standard Model
  4. Particle physics
  5. Physics
  6. Natural science
  7. Science
  8. Ciro Santilli's Homepage