Framework built on top of React.
Next.js does this nicely by forcing you to provide page data in a serialized JSON format, even when rendering server-side (e.g. the return value of
getServerSideProps). This way, it is also able to provide either the full HTML, or just the JSON.
Some general downsides:
- it does feel like they don't document deployment very well however, especially non-Vercel options, which is the company behind Next.js. I'm unable to find how to use a non Vercel CDN with ISR supposing that is possible.
- Next.js is very opinionated, and like any opinionated library it is sometimes hard to know why something is/isn't happening, and sometimes it is hard/impossible to do what you want with it unless they add support. They have done good progress, but even as of 2022, some aspects just feel so immature, some major-looking use cases are not very well done.
In theory, Next.js could be the "ultimate frontend framework". It does have a lot of development difficulties that need to be ironed out, but the general concepts, and things it tries to integrate, including e.g. webpack, TypeScript, etc. are good. Maybe the question is when will someone put it together with an amazing backend library and dominate and finally put an end to the infinite number of Js Frameworks!
In-tree examples at: github.com/vercel/next.js/tree/canary/examples
In order to offer its amazing features, Next.js is also extremely opinionated, which means that if something wasn't designed to be possible, it basically isn't.
TODO can it statically generate pages that are created at runtime? E.g. if I create a new blog post, will it automatically upload a static page? It seems that yes, and that this is exactly what Incremental Static Regeneration means:
However, Ciro can't find any mention of how to specify where the pages are uploaded to... this is pat of the non-Vercel deployment problem.
Can't ISR prerenter by URL query parameters:
That plus the requirement to have one page per file under
pages/leads to a lot of useless duplication, because then you are forced to place the URL parameters on the pathnames.
"Module not found: Can't resolve 'fs'" Hell. The main reason this happens seems to be the that in a higher order component, webpack can't determine if callbacks use the require or not to remove it from frontend code. Fully investigated and solved at:
- www.reddit.com/r/reactjs/comments/8evy5d/what_are_the_downsides_to_nextjs/ 2017 What are the downsides to Next.js?
Our oxamples under nodejs/next:
- nodejs/next/hello-world: a hello world. There's an in-tree one at: github.com/vercel/next.js/tree/e75361fd03872b097e817634c049b3185f24cf56/examples/hello-world, but ours is truly minimal
- nodejs/next/hoc: shows how to use a higher order component (HOC) to factor out
getStaticPropsacross two pages: nodejs/next/hoc/pages/index.js and nodejs/next/hoc/pages/notindex.js
- nodejs/next/typescript: simple TypeScript example, minimized from: github.com/vercel/next.js/tree/d61b0761efae09bd9cb1201ff134ed8950d9deca/examples/with-typescriptNotably, that shows how
requireerrors are avoided in that case as mentioned at: stackoverflow.com/questions/64926174/module-not-found-cant-resolve-fs-in-next-js-application/70363153#70363153
- nodejs/next/localStorage: a counter that is persistent across page reloads by using
localStorage. Used in: stackoverflow.com/questions/54819721/next-js-access-localstorage-before-rendering-page/68136224#68136224