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nobel-prize.bigb
= Nobel Prize
{c}
{title2=1901-}
{wiki}

And the articles that really matter:
* https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nobel_laureates_by_country
* https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nobel_laureates_by_university_affiliation

<Web of Stories> contains amazing interviews with many (mostly <American>) winners.

See <Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman chapter Alfred Nobel's Other Mistake>'s amazing comments about the Nobel Prize.

TODO who is the digital switch person he mentions?
* https://www.quora.com/unanswered/Who-was-Richard-Feynman-referring-to-in-the-book-Surely-Youre-Joking-Mr-Feynman-chapter-Alfred-Nobels-Other-Mistake-when-he-talks-about-A-friend-of-mine-whos-a-rich-man-he-invented-some-kind-of-simple-digital-switch on <Quora>
* https://github.com/cirosantilli/cirosantilli.github.io/issues/72

= The Nobel Prize is bad
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{parent=Nobel Prize}
{wiki}

Some views:
* https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/10/the-absurdity-of-the-nobel-prizes-in-science/541863/

= Nobel disease
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{parent=The Nobel Prize is bad}
{wiki}

= Project to explain each Nobel Prize better
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{parent=Nobel Prize}

Understand and explain amazingly every single <Nobel Prize> in <physics>, <chemistry> and <biology>. Since in particular the <Nobel Foundation> is unable to do that for any at all, especially of the key old ones, e.g. https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1965/summary/[]. Hopeless.

To be fair, those in theoretical physics at least basically come down to reading a bunch of books. But perhaps anything slightly more experimental could have 

= Nobel Foundation
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{parent=Nobel Prize}
{wiki}

= List of Nobel Prizes
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{parent=Nobel Prize}
{wiki=List_of_Nobel_laureates}

= Nobel Prize in Chemistry
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{parent=Nobel Prize}
{wiki=List_of_Nobel_laureates}

= List of Nobel Prizes in Chemistry
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{parent=Nobel Prize in Chemistry}
{tag=List of Nobel Prizes}
{wiki=List_of_Nobel_laureates}

= 2023 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Chemistry}
{tag=Quantum dot}
{title2=Quantum dot}

= 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Chemistry}
{title2=cryoEM}
{tag=cryoEM}

<Cryogenic electron microscopy>, which was developped in the 70's.

= Richard Henderson
{disambiguate=biologist}
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{parent=2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry}
{tag=Biologist}
{wiki}

= 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Chemistry}
{title2=Super-resolution microscopy}
{tag=Super-resolution microscopy}

For <super-resolution microscopy>.

This could have been a <Nobel Prize in Physics> as well!

= Stefan Hell
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{parent=2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry}
{wiki}

= 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Chemistry}
{tag=Green fluorescent protein}
{title2=Green fluorescent protein}

For the discovery of <green fluorescent protein>.

= 1978 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Chemistry}
{title2=ATP synthesis in mitochondria}

To <Peter D. Mitchell> for the discovery of the mechanism of <ATP> synthesis in the <mitochondria>, a central part of <cellular respiration>.

= 1962 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Chemistry}
{title2=Myoglobin structure with X-ray crystallography}

<Myoglobin structure resolution (1958)> by <X-ray crystallography>.

= 1952 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Chemistry}
{tag=Gas chromatography}
{title2=Gas chromatography}

<Gas chromatography>.

= 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Chemistry}

= List of Nobel Prizes in Physiology and Medicine
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{parent=Nobel Prize}
{tag=List of Nobel Prizes}
{wiki=List_of_Nobel_laureates}

= 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physiology and Medicine}
{title2=Human heat and pressure sensor proteins}

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/2021/press-release/

It is quite amusing that the starting point to identifying the heat one was <capsaicin>, as it stimulates the exact same receptor!!!

= 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physiology and Medicine}
{tag=Grid cell}
{title2=Cells that represend Euclidian space}

= 2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physiology and Medicine}
{title2=Induced pluripotent stem cell}

Discovery: <induced pluripotent stem cell>.

= 2003 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physiology and Medicine}
{tag=Magnetic resonance imaging}
{title2=Magnetic resonance imaging}

= Nobel Prize in Physics
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{parent=Nobel Prize}
{wiki=List_of_Nobel_laureates}

= List of Nobel Prizes in Physics
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{parent=Nobel Prize}
{tag=List of Nobel Prizes}
{wiki=List_of_Nobel_laureates}

= 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=Optical tweezers}

= 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=Optical fiber}

This one took a while! Major developments were from the 70s! Perhaps it took the <Internet> revolution to make its importance clear.

= 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=Giant magnetoresistance}

= 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=Cosmic microwave background anisotropy}

= 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{title2=Fractional quantum Hall effect for $\nu = 1/m$}

For <Fractional quantum Hall effect for $\nu = 1 m$}>.

= 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=Superfluid helium-3}

= 1987 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=High-temperature superconductivity}

This was so <hot> (<no pun intended>) and <reproducible> that the prize was awarded one year after discovery. Quite rare in those days already.

= 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=Cosmic microwave background}

= 1973 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=Josephson effect}

To <Brian Josephson> for the prediction of the <Josephson effect>.

= 1972 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=BCS Theory}

= 1965 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=Quantum electrodynamics}
{title2=Feynman, Schwinger and Tomonaga}

= 1965 Nobel Prize in Physics laureate
{parent=1965 Nobel Prize in Physics}

= 1960 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=bubble chamber}

= 1955 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{title2=QED experiments}
{tag=Willis Lamb}
{title2=Lamb and Kusch}

The key initial <quantum electrodynamics> experiments:
* <Willis Lamb> for the <Lamb-Retherford experiment>
* <Polykarp Kusch> for the <anomalous magnetic dipole moment of the electron>, key publication: <The Magnetic Moment of the Electron by Kusch and Foley (1948)>

= 1944 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{title2=Nuclear magnetic resonance}
{title2=Rabi}

<nuclear magnetic resonance> work:
* <Isidor Isaac Rabi>

= 1937 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{title2=electron diffraction}

Early <electron diffraction experiment> from 1927 that drastically confirmed the <matter wave> hypothesis.
* <Davisson-Germer experiment>
* <Diffraction of Cathode Rays by a Thin Film by Thomson and Reid (1927)>

= 1936 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{title2=positron}
{title2=cosmic rays}

Discovery of:
* the <positron> by <Carl David Anderson>
* he <cosmic rays> by <Victor Francis Hess>

= 1932 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{title2=cyclotron}

To <Ernest Lawrence> for the <cyclotron>.

= 1927 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{title2=cloud chamber}
{title2=Compton scattering}

* <cloud chamber>
* <compton scattering>

= 1926 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{title2=Jean Perrin}
{title2=atomic theory}

<Atomic theory>.

= 1922 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{title2=photoelectric effect}

<Niels Bohr> for the <Bohr model>.

= 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{title2=photoelectric effect}

<Einstein> for the theoretical explanation of the <photoelectric effect> from 1905, notably published as <on a Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light by Einstein (1905)>.

= 1918 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=1918 Nobel Prize in Physics}
{tag=Planck constant}
{title2=Planck constant}

= 1914 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=Max von Laue}
{tag=X-ray diffraction}
{title2=X-ray diffraction}

Not only did this open the way for <X-ray crystallography>, it more fundamentally clarified the nature of <X-rays> as being <electromagnetic radiation>, and helped further establish the <atomic theory>.

= 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics
{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Physics}
{tag=Zeeman effect}
{title2=Zeeman effect}

<Pieter Zeeman> for the <Zeeman effect>.

= List of Nobel Prizes in Economics
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{parent=Nobel Prize}
{wiki=List_of_Nobel_laureates}

= 2022 Nobel Prizes in Economics
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{parent=List of Nobel Prizes in Economics}
{wiki=List_of_Nobel_laureates}